Science discovers the material world, religion evaluates it, and philosophy endeavors to interpret its meanings while coordinating the scientific material viewpoint with the religious spiritual concept. But history is a realm in which science and religion may never fully agree.
Logic is the technique of philosophy, its method of expression. Within the domain of true science, reason is always amen- able to genuine logic; within the domain of true religion, faith is always logical from the basis of an inner viewpoint, even-though such faith may appear to be quite unfounded from the in-looking viewpoint of the scientific approach. From outward, looking within, the universe may appear to be material; from within, looking out, the same universe appears to be wholly spiritual. Reason grows out of material awareness, faith out of spiritual awareness, but through the mediation of a philosophy strengthened by revelation, logic may confirm both the inward and the outward view, thereby effecting the stabilization of both science and religion. Thus, through common contact with the logic of philosophy, may both science and religion become increasingly tolerant of each other, less and less skeptical.
What both developing science and religion need is more searching and fearless self-criticism, a greater awareness of incomplete- ness in evolutionary status. The teachers of both science and religion are often altogether too self-confident and dogmatic. Science and religion can only be self-critical of their· facts. The moment departure is made from the stage of facts, reason abdicates or else rapidly degenerates into a consort of false logic.
The truth — an understanding of cosmic relationships, universe facts, and spiritual values — can best be had through the personal ministry of the Spirit of Truth and can best be criticized by revelation. But revelation originates neither a science nor a religion; its function is to co-ordinate both science and religion with the truth of reality. Always, in the absence of revelation or in the failure to accept or grasp it, has mortal man resorted to his futile gesture of metaphysics, that being the·- only human substitute for the revelation of truth or for the mota of morontia (immortal) personality.
The science of the material world enables man to control, and to some extent dominate, his physical environment. The religion of the spiritual experience is the source of the fraternity impulse which enables men to live together in the complexities of the civilization of a scientific age. Metaphysics, but more certainly revelation, affords a common meeting ground for the discoveries of both science and religion and makes possible the human attempt logically to correlate these separate but interdependent domains of thought into a well-balanced philosophy of scientific stability and religious certainty.
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Philosophy of science, Material world, Religion and science, Relationship between religion and science, Morality of science, Science